IPO stands for Initial public offering or IPO is the first sale of stock by a company to the public. Get all the latest news on recent & upcoming IPOs along with new and current public issues at Stock Investor. Find IPO subscription and allotment status, Initial public offering reviews on the Stock Investor. A company offering its shares to the public is not obliged to repay the capital to public investors. Companies can raise equity capital with the help of an Initial public offering issuing new shares to the public or the existing shareholders can sell their shares to the public without raising any fresh capital. It could be a new young company or an old company. Which decides to be listed on an exchange and hence goes public. This Initial public offeringby offering shares of the Dutch East India Company to the general public.